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2020-09-23 01:28:39

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  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTechnologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTechnologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTechnologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955. 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